To understand IoNTs in the right context, it is important to take a brief look at the history of nanotechnology.
But first, let’s define nanotechnology.
So, What Is Nanotechnology?
Nanotechnology basically refers to the use of materials on incredibly small scales on the atomic, molecular or supramolecular scale. Mostly nanotechnology is used for industrial and computing purposes.
The seed of today’s modern nanotechnology is when the legendary physicist Richard Feynman wrote in 1959, ‘There’s plenty of room on the floor.
It was less than 15 years ago that Norio Taniguchi first used the term nanotechnology. A lot of experimental work was conducted around nanotechnology throughout the 1980s, which resulted in widespread popularity and several notable early advances in the field.
Nano Internet of Things offers the possibility to connect various nano devices together using high-speed networks. Together with other related technologies such as cloud computing, big data and machine learning, this can open up a wide range of opportunities.
It’s very similar to the way a cell phone does everything a landline phone does, but adds features, new features and more conveniences. IoNT can overcharge everything IoT does today.
IoNTs allow us to receive very fine-grained information from a network of nanoscale devices. This could lead to new insights that would not have been gained without the scale and penetration that nanosensors can help achieve. The IoNT network allows data to be collected from locations that are very difficult to access.
How Is A Typical Iont Network Built?
In general, IoNT systems will most likely consist of nanonodes, nanorouters, gateways, and nanomicrointerface devices. So what do each of these components do?
Nanonodes – The smallest devices that can perform computational tasks are called nanonodes. For example, a biosensor that can collect data from within the human body is an example of a nanonode.
Nano Router – A nano router has more computational capabilities than a typical nano node. They act as information collectors within the IoNT network. Nanorouters also control the activity of nanonodes in the network by exchanging control commands.
Nano-Micro-Interface Devices – These devices act as a relay point between the nano-scale and micro-scale components of the network. They act as hybrid devices that enable communication using both nanocommunication technologies and more traditional communication protocols.
Gateway – A gateway allows the entire nano-network to be controlled via the internet. Let’s take the biosensor example again. For implantable medical devices or nanosensor hosts implanted in the human body, the gateway is part of a system that allows doctors to access and manipulate data using the Internet.