The Future Of Connectivity: Implementing The Internet Of Things



Various Connection Products

When considering Iot Connectivity options, businesses must choose from four categories of solutions. low power, wide area (LPWA); cellular; and aliens. Businesses can find it difficult to choose between these technologies as each IoT use case presents unique requirements for bandwidth, range, and other connectivity capabilities. The LPWA option is also difficult to evaluate because it is still in its early stages of deployment, and the potential and disadvantages are not clear until it is implemented on a larger scale.

License-Free Connectivity Solutions

These solutions are not licensed exclusively to any specific company, so the public can access them from any IoT device using this technology. Unlicensed solutions are relatively inexpensive and allow businesses to manage their own networks without relying on a carrier. The downside is that unlicensed technology is susceptible to interference from electrical or environmental obstacles such as many buildings that can interfere with signal transmission. They also struggle to provide connectivity over long distances (over 100 meters). Companies have many options for unlicensed connections, all with unique features. For example, Wi-Fi, the most well-known unlicensed option, has a bandwidth of up to 1 GB per second. Higher bandwidth than Bluetooth, Zigbee, Z-Wave.

Low Power, Wide Area Connectivity

low power. Collecting and analyzing data hourly and taking into account the typical effects of battery self-discharge and degradation, the device can operate for years.

large area. These technologies provide a signal range of at least 500 meters from the gateway device to the endpoint. Coverage is lowest in demanding deployments such as urban or underground locations.

In addition to providing long battery life and wide range, LPWA technology is also associated with reliability and low cost. No other technology offers a combination of these four traits. Unlicensed technology, for example, is unreliable, while cellular technology is expensive and cannot provide years of power on a single charge. Thus, LPWA meets unmet needs in IoT connectivity.

Currently, only 20% of the world’s population is using LPWA networks, so it won’t become a primary solution in the next five years, but availability is growing rapidly. (5G won’t be widely used yet at that point).

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